Impamvu Ukeneye Umuyaga Wumuyaga / Vacuum Ubufasha muri Sisitemu yo Kuhira

Impamvu Ukeneye Umuyaga Wumuyaga / Vacuum Ubufasha muri Sisitemu yo Kuhira

 

Ntabwo dukunze gutekereza ku kirere mugihe duteganya uburyo bwo kuhira, ariko, ni ikintu cyo kwitaho.Ibibazo bitatu by'ingenzi ni:

  1. Iyo imiyoboro yawe ituzuye amazi, iba yuzuye umwuka.Uyu mwuka ugomba kwirukanwa nkuko amazi yuzuza imirongo.
  2. Mugihe gikora gisanzwe cya sisitemu yo kuhira, umwuka ushonga urekurwa mumazi muburyo bwibibyimba.
  3. Mugihe cyo guhagarika sisitemu, ibintu bya vacuum bishobora kuvuka mugihe amazi ava mumiyoboro niba umwuka uhagije utinjijwe mumirongo.

Ikibazo icyo ari cyo cyose muricyo kibazo gishobora gukemurwa nogushiraho neza umuyaga hamwe nubutabazi bwa vacuum.Ibi birashobora gukumira ibyangiritse mubice byingenzi muri sisitemu yo kuhira.

Tuzakora ibishoboka byose kugirango dusobanure ibibazo bijyanye n'umwuka na vacuum mu muyoboro wo kuhira;ubwoko butandukanye bwa valve: Automatic (Continuous) Air Release Valves, Air / Vacuum Relief Valves hamwe na Combination Air / Vacuum Inkeragutabara hamwe n’imyuka irekura ikirere;no gushyira neza iyi mibande yubutabazi.

 

Umuyaga wafashwe mu muyoboro

 

Nigute umwuka winjira mumiyoboro?

Muri sisitemu nyinshi zo kuhira, imiyoboro iba yuzuye umwuka mugihe sisitemu idakoreshwa.Iyo sisitemu yo kuhira ihagarika igice kinini cyamazi ava mumazi asohoka cyangwa mumashanyarazi yose yimodoka ushobora kuba washyizeho ugasimburwa numwuka.Byongeye kandi, pompe irashobora kwinjiza umwuka muri sisitemu.Ubwanyuma, amazi ubwayo arimo umwuka hafi 2% mubunini.Umwuka ushonga usohoka hamwe nubushyuhe cyangwa impinduka zumuvuduko muri sisitemu muburyo buto.Imivurungano n'umuvuduko w'amazi byongera umwuka ushonga.

 

 

Nigute umwuka wafashwe ugira ingaruka kuri sisitemu?

Amazi arashobora kuba inshuro 800 kurenza umwuka, bityo umwuka wafashwe ugahagarikwa iyo sisitemu yuzuye, izegeranya ahantu hirengeye kandi ikora umufuka wumwuka ushobora kwangiza.Niba kwirundanya kwumwuka gutunguranye birashobora gutera amazi menshi, bita inyundo y'amazi, bigira ingaruka mbi kumiyoboro, ibikoresho hamwe nibigize.Kwica pompe nikindi kibazo.Ibi bibaho mugihe amazi yatembye ahagaritswe kandi pompe ikomeza guhinduka bigatuma ubushyuhe bwamazi buzamuka kurwego rushobora kwangiza pompe.Kubora kuva cavitation nabyo birahangayikishije.Cavitation nugukora ibibyimba cyangwa ubusa mumazi iyo iyo byinjiye bishobora gutera imivurungano ntoya nayo ishobora kwangiza inkuta zibigize.Umwuka wafashwe urasanzwe cyane muri sisitemu yo hasi cyane cyangwa mubihe birebire aho umufuka wumwuka ushobora kugabanya cyangwa guhagarika gutembera niba bitarekuwe.

 

Ni ubuhe buryo bwo gukumira umwuka wafashwe?

Mbere na mbere ni ugushiraho ikirere cyangwa kurekura valve kumwanya wihariye muri sisitemu.Ibi birashobora kuba ibyuma byubutabazi byikora cyangwa na hydrants cyangwa intoki zikoreshwa nintoki.Ibikurikira, gabanya ingingo ndende cyangwa impinga muburyo bwawe bushoboka.Wibuke ko umuvuduko wamazi uzasunika umwuka mwinshi hejuru kugirango utegure sisitemu ukurikije cyane cyane mubishushanyo mbonera.Niba ukoresheje pompe, komeza unywe munsi yurwego rwamazi kugirango wirinde guhumeka amazi.

 

Imiterere ya Vacuum

 

Imiterere ya vacuum imeze ite?

Vacuum isobanurwa nkumwanya udafite ibintu rwose.Imiterere ya vacuum ibaho mugihe ukuyemo ikintu mumwanya wacyo kandi ntakintu nakimwe cyo kugisimbuza mumwanya.Niba rero amazi atemba ava mu muyoboro n'umwuka bidashobora gukururwa, ku kigero kimwe, kugirango bisimburwe, noneho habaho icyuho gishobora gutuma imiyoboro isenyuka.

 

Nigute wakwirinda icyuka.

Gushyira vacuum yubutabazi ahantu runaka muri sisitemu yo kuhira.Muri ibi bihe, ingano yo gufata ikirere izasimbuza kimwe ubwinshi bwamazi yavuye mu miyoboro.Kuruhuka kwa Vacuum kandi birinda kunyunyuza umwanda hamwe n’imyanda binyuze mu bisohoka, bityo bikagabanya gufunga ibyohereza.

 

Ikirere

 

Ubwoko bukurikira bwimyuka yumwuka ni hydro-mashini ihita ihumeka umwuka cyangwa umuyoboro wo kuhira.Izi mpande zose uko ari eshatu zisanzwe zifunguye, akenshi zirimo igikoresho cyumupira kireremba gifunga kashe ya sisitemu iyo sisitemu ikandagiye hanyuma igabanuka iyo umuvuduko wimbere ugeze kumuvuduko wikirere utuma umwuka usubira muri sisitemu.

 

Automatic (Ibikomeza) Ikirere cyo Kurekura

Ubu bwoko bwimyuka yo mu kirere ifite orifice ntoya ikomeza kurekura umwuka muke nyuma yuko sisitemu ihatiye kandi imyuka nini / vacuum nini ifunze.Ingano ntoya ya orifice ntabwo ihagije muburyo bwo gufata umwuka uhagije kugirango uhagarike icyuho.

 

Kurekura ikirere / Vacuum Yubutabazi

Ubu bwoko bwa valve bukunze kwitwa indege ya kinetic, indege nini ya orifice, icyuma cyangiza ndetse na valve yubutabazi.Ibi bizasohora umwuka mwinshi mugihe imiyoboro irimo kuzura cyangwa gukanda kimwe no kwemerera umwuka gusubira muri sisitemu mugihe imirongo irimo gutemba cyangwa de-pressing.Ariko, ntibashobora kurekura umufuka muto, usigaye mumifuka ikora mugihe ikora.Ishusho ikurikira irerekana inzira ya Air / Vacuum Valve.

  1. Guhumeka umwuka nkuko sisitemu yuzura amazi.
  2. Sisitemu yuzuye kandi ikanda, amazi yuzuza valve no gufunga umuyaga.
  3. Mugihe cyo guhagarika sisitemu, umuvuduko ukabije utuma kureremba bigabanuka kandi umwuka ukururwa muri sisitemu ikumira ibintu byangiza.

 

 

Gukomatanya Umuyaga / Vacuum Gutabara no Kurekura Ikirere

Nkuko izina ribivuga, iyi valve, izwi kandi nka kabiri ya orifice valve, ikora akazi kubandi babiri mubice bimwe.Kwemerera umwuka mwinshi mwinjira no hanze mugihe bikenewe, kimwe no, kurekura umwuka muke mugihe gikora.Ihuriro ryumuyaga / vacuum irashobora gukoreshwa mumwanya wubundi bwoko.

Reba guhitamo kwa Air / Vacuum Inkeragutabara hano.

 

Umwanya

 

Imyuka yo mu kirere ikoreshwa kumurongo wamazi no kumurongo wohereza, ishyirwa ahantu hirengeye muri sisitemu;kumurongo wigitonyanga kuruhande;kurwego rwo guhindura, nka, mbere na nyuma yimisozi ihanamye;muri birebire birebire;kenshi mbere na nyuma yo kwigunga cyangwa gufunga valve;no kuruhande rwo gusohora amapompo yimbitse.Ni ngombwa ko umuyaga uhumeka ushyirwa ahantu hirengeye kuko umwuka uzamuka, kandi nkuko byavuzwe haruguru, umuvuduko wamazi uzasunika umwuka ahantu hirengeye.Igenamigambi rishobora gusa nkaho rigoye, ariko gushyira neza ni ngombwa kuri sisitemu yo kuhira neza.

Kwishyiriraho neza nabyo ni ngombwa cyane.Imyanya igomba gushyirwaho muburyo bugororotse gusa.Kwiyubaka bisanzwe biri hejuru yumuyoboro wa riseru ingana na valve inlet.Mubihe byinshi, valve yo kwigunga (gufunga) yashyizwe munsi kugirango byoroshye kubungabungwa.

 

Ingano ya Valve

 

Guhuza ingano ya valve nubunini bwa pipe ni ibyifuzo bisanzwe kugirango byibuze umwuka uhumeka / ubutabazi.Kuri byinshi murimurima yacu mito cyangwa gahunda yo kuhira ba nyiri urugo hamwe na 1 ”no munsi ya pipe, indege zacu ½” - 1 ”zirahagije mugihe zihuye nubunini bwa pipe.Ababikora benshi basaba 2 ”kandi hejuru ya diametre ya pipe izakenera byibura 2” ingano ya valve.

Kuri sisitemu nini cyangwa igoye cyane kubara kugirango umenye ingano nyayo, ingano hamwe na valve ya buri porogaramu irashobora kugorana cyane.Turasaba ko hajyaho umushinga wo kuhira imyaka kugirango ubone tekinoroji.

 


Igihe cyo kohereza: Apr-25-2022