Uburyo bwo kuhira imirima ya pome

Kuhira ni ikintu gisabwa cyo gutera umurima cyane.Ubutaka bwubutaka bugomba kuba 70-80% yubushobozi bwumurima.Amazi yo gukoresha ibimera biterwa nibintu byinshi: - Ibiranga ikirere

- imyaka yo gutera
- gutera ubwinshi
- ubwoko buranga ibiti
- Sisitemu yo Kubungabunga Ubutaka

Kuhira ku buso (hafi y'imyobo, ibikombe, inkombe)

* Kuruhande rw'ikibaya.

Ubu buryo bukoreshwa ahantu humye hamwe n'ubutaka bubi.Ubujyakuzimu bwa cm 15-25, ubugari ni cm 35, kandi igipimo cyo kugaburira ntigishobora kurenga litiro 1-2 / isegonda.Kugirango ubu buryo bwo kuvomera bugire akamaro, birakenewe gutegura neza urubuga.

* Kubakure.

Hafi ya buri giti, uzenguruke ubutaka bwa cm 25 kugirango ukore igikombe gifite umurambararo wa metero 2-6.Buri gikombe kigaburirwa na spinkler.Ubu buryo bukoreshwa ahantu hahanamye kuko kuhira imyaka bidakorwa neza.Ubu buryo bukoreshwa mu busitani hamwe nubutaka bwuzuye ibyondo.Bakora imirongo ya metero 100-300 kandi bayizirika hamwe nubutaka buva kumuzingo.Iyi mitwe itanga amazi kumasaha 2-24, bitewe nubutaka bworoshye.

Kunyanyagiza amazi

Ntabwo ikoreshwa gusa mu kuvomera ubutaka, ahubwo ikoreshwa no guhumeka umwuka mubihingwa.Mubyongeyeho, ifasha gukuraho kubuza fotosintezeza, iboneka kubushyuhe buri hejuru ya dogere 35.Igipimo cyo kuhira imyaka imwe cyatandukanijwe hagati ya 300-500 m3 / ha.Ingaruka zubu buryo nigitonyanga kinini, nuko bagerageza kubigabanya.Kubwiyi ntego, imikoreshereze ya pulse yamashanyarazi hamwe nibisohoka buri munsi bya 10-80 m3 / ha.Igihe cyo gutera ni iminsi 2-15.

uburyo bwo gutatanya
Kuvomera umurima wa pome n'amazi meza.Ibitonyanga bifite microne 100-500 mubunini, kandi amazi atangwa muminota mike buri minota 20-60, bitewe nubushyuhe bwo guhumeka.

Kuhira imyaka

Amazi yinjira mu mwobo yashyizwemo imiyoboro.Ibyiza byubu buryo kurenza ubundi buryo nuko amazi yatakaye rwose.Byongeye kandi, urashobora guhuza kuhira hamwe nubundi buryo bwo guhinga.

Kuvomera amazi

Kuvomera amazi mu murima wa pome bigizwe no gutanga amazi muri mizi binyuze mumiyoboro ihoraho yibitonyanga.Igitonyanga gishyirwa hejuru yubutaka muri metero 1 uvuye ku giti.Gutanga amazi bikorwa mugihe kimwe cyangwa ubudahwema kandi buhoro buhoro kumuvuduko wa 1-3.Imiyoboro irashobora kuba hejuru yubutaka, hejuru yubutaka - kurwego rwumutiba kuri trellis cyangwa mubutaka bwimbitse ya cm 30-35.Kuvomera ubusitani buto nubusitani bukuze.Uyu munsi, nuburyo bukoreshwa neza kandi bwubukungu bwo kuhira mubijyanye no gukoresha amazi.

 

Kuvomera ibitonyanga mu murima wa pome,imiyoboro yo kuhirahamwe nibipimo bikoreshwa cyane:

Umuyoboro wuburebure bwa 35 - 40mil;
Umwanya wibitonyanga 0.5 - 1m, ukurikije gahunda yo gutera ibiti;
Ibisohoka byamazi biterwa nigihe cyo kuhira no kuvoma ubushobozi bwa sitasiyo.

Ibyiza byo kuhira imyaka mu murima wa pome
Kuvomera neza bifite ibyiza byinshi kurenza ubundi buryo:

Gutakaza amazi make (inshuro 1.5) no guhumeka na osmose.
Igumana ubutaka bwiza bwubutaka burigihe kandi buringaniye.
Kurinda imiterere yubutaka kandi birinda kugaragara kwubutaka.
Ukuyemo imyuzure hamwe nubutaka bwubutaka.
Nibyiza cyane kumenyekanisha ibintu byamabuye binyuze mumatonyanga kuko igisubizo kijya mumuzi.Muri icyo gihe, igipimo cyo gukoresha ifumbire ni 80%.
Ibishoboka byo kuhira imyaka.

Ibiranga kuvomera imirima ya pome
Gahunda yo kuhira igomba kuba ijyanye n’amazi akenerwa n’ibimera mugihe cyo gukura no gutera imbere.Ikimenyetso nyamukuru cyubutegetsi bwo kuhira ni igipimo cyo kuhira.Mugihe cyo kugena, ni ngombwa gusuzuma imiterere yumubiri wubutaka bwubutaka, ibiranga ibihingwa bihingwa, nuburyo bwo kuhira.Ukurikije uburyo bwo kuhira, igipimo cyo kuhira nacyo kirahinduka.Iragufasha gukemura ikibazo cyo kubura amazi.Kumenya ikoreshwa ryamazi mugihe cyikura, igipimo cyo kuhira kirashobora kubarwa.Kugirango ukore ibi, koresha formula idasanzwe.Gukoresha amazi yose biterwa nubutaka nibiranga ikirere.

igihe cyo kuhira
Amatariki yo kuhira ahujwe nicyiciro cyingenzi cyigihe cyo gukura:

- kurabya
- kurasa gukura
- mbere yuko intanga ngabo zigwa muri Kamena
- Gukura kwimbuto

Kubera itandukaniro rigaragara mubutaka nikirere cyikirere mukarere, hariho kandi itandukaniro rikomeye muburyo bwo kuhira.Uburyo bwo kuhira no kugenwa bigenwa no kureba uko ubutaka bumeze ndetse no kuboneka ku bimera, ibyo bikaba biterwa nubunini bwubutaka.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Werurwe-10-2022